Mark Arend Ph.D

Title: NOAA CREST Research Professor

The City College of New York

Steinman Hall, Rm T-553

140th Street & Convent Ave, NY NY 10031
Phone: 212.650.7898
Fax: 212.650.8249

  • Post Doc. National Research Council - Naval Research Lab
  • Ph.D. Applied Physics, Columbia University
  • M. Phil. Applied Physics, Columbia University
  • M.S. Applied Physics, Columbia University
  • B.S. Physics, University of Washington


  • NOAA CREST Research Professor 2006 - present, City College of New York
  • Assistant Professor 2002 - 2006, City College of New York
  • Senior Member of Technical Staff 1999 - 2002, Tyco Telecommunication Laboratories
  • Research Associate 1997 - 1999 , Department of Electrical Engineering, Princeton University
  • Post Doctoral Research Fellow 1993 - 1997, Naval Research Lab- National Research Council
  • Visiting Assistant Professor 1991 - 1993, City College of New York

Research Interests

  • Dr. Arend has over 30 years of research experience in industry, academia and government labs in areas ranging from high power microwave amplifier development, long-haul undersea fiber optics telecommunications systems, non-linear optical transmission demonstrating 100's of Tbit/sec and high band width optical network research to support Petascale computing. Both experimental and numerical modeling approaches are used together to study and develop optical devices and systems for sensing and communication.
  • His current research interests in the Optical Remote Sensing Laboratory at the City College of New York involve the development of novel sensing instrumentation (e.g. lidar, radar, sodar) and networks that are used together with satellite observations and complex numerical models of coupled environmental systems with an emphasis on Urban Coastal Meteorology. The research is focused on developing new information resources to be used by regional stakeholders in urban environments with practical applications in the North East metropolitan region and with general extensions that can hopefully be applied to help our society better understand and prepare for urbanization and global change.

Professional Memberships.

  • American Meteorological Society
  • American Society of Electrical Engineers
  • Optical Society of America
  • IEEE
  • Sigma Xi Honors Society



  1. M. Arend, S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, F. Moshary, B. Gross, Y. Wu, S. Ahmed, "All-fiber Coherent Doppler Lidar Development for Characterization of Planetary Boundary Layer Dynamics and Comparison to other Vertical Profilers", Proceeding of the International Laser Radar Conference 26, Paper S5O-05 (June 2012).
  2. S. Abdelazim, D. Santoro, M. Arend, F. Moshary and S. Ahmed, "Field programmable gate array processing of eye-safe all-fiber coherent wind Doppler lidar return signals", Proc. SPIE 8182, 81820K (2011); doi:10.1117/12.898414
  3. E. Gutierrez, J. E. Gonzalez, R. D. Bornstein, M. Arend, and A. Martilli, "Numerical Simulations of a Summer 2010 Heat Wave in New York City using WRF's Building Energy Parameterization" Second Conference on Weather, Climate, and the New Energy Economy, 91st American Meteorological Society Annual Meeting, Seattle Washington (2011)
  4. Mark F. Arend, Sameh Abdelazim, David Santoro, Fred Moshary, Barry Gross and Sam Ahmed, "Development of a fiber-based eye safe coherent wind lidar system for urban wind field measurements", Proc. SPIE 7832, 783206 (2010); doi:10.1117/12.865051
  5. E. J. Gutierrez, J. E. Gonzalez, R.D. Bornstein, M. Arend, F. Moshary, and A. Martilli. "Numerical Simulations of Sea Breeze Circulations and Urban Heat Islands in NYC with a High Resolution Urban-Mesoscale Model (uWRF)", 9th AMS Symposium on the Urban Environment, Keystone, CO, 2 - 6 Aug. 2010
  6. Gan, C. M., Wu, Y. H., Gross, B., Arend, M., Moshary, F., and Ahmed, S. "A Comparison of Estimated Mixing Height by Multiple Remote Sensing Instruments and its Influence on Air Quality in Urban Regions," IEEE International Geoscience and Remote Sensing Symposium, Honolulu, HW, July 25-30, 2010
  7. Arend, M., Gross, B., Moshary, F., Wu, Y., and Ahmed, S., "Inter-comparison of Vertical Profiling Instruments for Boundary Layer Measurements in an Urban Setting", 15th Symposium on Meteorological Observation and Instrumentation, 90th AMS annual meeting, Atlanta, GA, January 17-21, 2010
  8. Arend, M., Santoro, D., Abdelazim, S., Moshary, F., Ahmed, S., "Wind-field measurements for the mitigation of airborne health threats in a complex urban environment", SPIE Defense, Security, and Sensing - Proceedings Vol. 7306, Optics and Photonics in Global Homeland Security V and Biometric Technology for Human Identification VI, Craig S. Halvorson; Sarka O. Southern; B. V. K. Vijaya Kumar; Salil Prabhakar; Arun A. Ross, Editors, April (2009)
  9. Arend, M., Santoro, D., Gross, B., Abdelazim, S., Moshary, F., Ahmed, S., "Development of a NYC Meteorological Network with emphasis on vertical wind profiles in support of meteorological and dispersion models", Eighth Symposium on the Urban Environment J1.2, 89th Annual AMS Meeting, Phoenix AZ (2009)
  10. M. Arend, F. Moshary and S. Ahmed, "Update on Installations and Operations of the New York City Meteorological Network", 3rd Annual Interagency Workshop, Using Environmental Data During Emergencies, July 15, 2008, NY, NY
  11. M. A. Ummy, M. F. Arend, L. Leng, N. Madamopoulos, and Roger Dorsinville, "Extending the Gain Bandwidth of Combined Raman-Parametric Fiber Amplifiers Using Highly Nonlinear Fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 27, 583-589 (2009)
  12. M. A. Ummy, M. F. Arend, M.F Ali, R. Dorsinville, "Measurement of nonlinear phase of a SOA using an asymmetric loop mirror" Optics and Laser Technology, Volume 40, Issue 8, November 2008, Pages 995-999
  13. Arend, M. F., Ummy, M. A., Leng, L., "Extending the flat gain bandwidth of combined Raman-parametric fiber amplifiers using highly nonlinear fiber", Proceedings of SPIE Volume 6455 Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion: Materials, Devices, and Applications VI, Peter E. Powers, Editor, (2007)
  14. Potasek, M. J., Arend, M. F. and Gao, Y. "Dynamics of a multilevel molecular absorber interacting with a train of optical pulses", J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 24, 839 (2007)
  15. Crouse, D., Arend, M., Zou, J., Keshavareddy, P., "Numerical modeling of electromagnetic resonance enhanced silicon metal-semiconductor-metal photo detectors," Opt. Express 14, pp. 2047-2061, 2006
  16. Erkan, H., Hossain, A. D., Arend, M. F., Dorsinville, R., and Ali, M. A.,"On the merits of implementing a novel Decentralized ethernet-based PON architecture for next-generation broadband access networks", Optical Transmission Systems and Equipment for WDM Networking IV ( Ken-ichi Sato, Werner Weiershausen, Achyut K. Dutta, Benjamin B. Dingel eds.), Vol. 6012, pp. 31-38, SPIE Publishing, Boston, MA, 2005
  17. J. Zhou, F. Moshary, B. Gross, M. Arend, and S. Ahmed, "Population Dynamics in Yb3+,Er3+ Co-Doped Phosphate Glass", J. Appl. Phys. 96, 237 (2004)
  18. D. Crouse and M. Arend, "Surface Plasmon Effects in Metal-Semiconductor-Metal Photo detectors", SPIE Optics East, Optical Science, Sensors and Systems Technology, Architecture, Applications, October 25-28, 2004, Pennsylvania Convention Center, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania USA
  19. A. Hadjiantonis, T. Rahman, A. Khalil, G. Ellinas, M. F. Arend and M. A. Ali , "A Novel Decentralized Ethernet-Based PON Architecture", IEEE International Conference on Communications, Paris, France, 2004
  20. B. Bakhshi, W. W. Patterson, J. Leanza, D. Duff, E. A. Golovchenko, M. Nissov, D. I. Kovsh, M. Vaa, D. Sliwinski, R. L. Maybach, K. Razavi, M. F. Arend, T. Becker, S. Jimenez, "Optical test equipment for performance evaluation of installed DWDM systems", in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 70, Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. TuY3
  21. B. Bakhshi, D. Duff, L. Liu, E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, K. Razavi, D. Sliwinski, A Lucero, M. Arend, M. Vaa, W. W. Patterson, "Advantages of orthogonal polarization launch in a 6,500 km straight-line DWDM transmission experiment", in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 70, Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. WP7
  22. D. G. Duff, F. Heismann, N. Litchinitser, M. F. Arend, E. Golovchenko, M. Nissov, "Impact of spectral hole burning on long haul WDM transmission system performance", in Optical Amplifiers and Their Application, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2001), pp. OMD2
  23. B. Bakhshi, M. F. Arend, M. Vaa, E. A. Golovchenko, D. Duff, H. Li, S. Jiang, W. W. Patterson, R.L. Maybach, and D. Kovsh, "1 Tbit/s (101 x 10 Gbit/s) transmission over transpacific distance using 28 nm C-band EDFAs", OFC Post Deadline Paper in Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 54, Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2001), pp. PD21
  24. M. Vaa, B. Bakhshi, E. A. Golovchenko, Y. Chai, F. Heisman, H. Li, M. Arend, W. W. Patterson, D. G. Duff, A. L. Simons, G. T. Harvey, R. L. Maybach, N. S. Bergano, "Demonstration of 640 GBit/s x 7 000 km submarine transmission system technology ready for field deployment", in OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (TOPS) Vol. 54, Optical Fiber Communications Conference, Technical Digest, Postconference Edition (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2001), pp. WF5
  25. Q. Yang, M. Arend, F. Johnson, G. Hughes, K. Bergman, "WDM/TDM optical packet switched network for supercomputing", SPIE, Vol. 4098, pp. 555, Optics in Computing (2000)
  26. B. Mikulla, L.Leng, S. Sears, B.C. Collins, M. Arend, K. Bergman, "Broadband high repetition rate source for spectrally sliced WDM," Photonics. Tech. Lett. 11, 418 (1999)
  27. M. F. Arend, L. Leng, S. Sears, Keren Bergman, "A Nonlinear Amplifying Loop Mirror with Wavelength Division Multiplexed Data", in IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Conference Procedings (1999), pp. WJ5
  28. B. Mikulla, L. Leng, S. Sears, M. Arend, and K. Bergman, "16-channel x 2.5 Gbits/s WDM source using an harmonically and passively mode-locked Er/Yb fiber laser," IEEE LEOS Annual Meeting Conference Proceedings (1998), pp. WT1
  29. L. Leng, B. Mikulla, M. Arend and K. Bergman, "8-Channel WDM Soliton Recovery and Amplification", European Conference on Optical Communications, Vol. 24 (1998), pp. 105
  30. M. L. Dennis, T. F. Carruthers, M. F. Arend, I. N. Duling, III, "Demultiplexing of 100 Gbit/s data with a polarization multiplexed loop mirror", in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 11, 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (OSA, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 416
  31. M. F. Arend, M. L. Dennis, I. N. Duling, III, E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, and C. R. Menyuk, "A Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror Demultiplexer Using Random Birefringence Fiber: Comparisons Between Simulations and Experiments", Opt. Lett. 22, 886 (1997)
  32. D. Wang, E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, C. R. Menyuk, and M. F. Arend, "Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror Based on Standard Communication Fiber", J. Lightwave Technol., Vol. 15, (1997), pp. 642-646
  33. M.L. Dennis, and I.N. Duling, III, M. F. Arend, "Soliton Loop Mirror Demultiplexer Using Orthogonally Polarized Signal and Control", Photonics Tech. Lett. 8, 906 (1996)
  34. M. F. Arend, M. L. Dennis, and I. N. Duling, III, E. A. Golovchenko, A. N. Pilipetskii, and C. R. Menyuk, "Simulations of a Nonlinear Optical Loop Mirror Demultiplexer Using Random Birefringence Fiber", OFC (1996), pp. 226
  35. M. L. Dennis, and I.N. Duling, III, M. F. Arend, "Soliton Loop Mirror Demultiplexer with Polarization Multiplexed Signal and Control", OFC (1996), pp. 236
  36. P. Li, A. Maad, F. Moshary, M. F. Arend, S. Ahmed, "Infrared Imaging of Buried Objects by Thermal Step-function Excitation", Applied Optics, 34, 5809 (1995)
  37. M. Arend, E. Block, and S. R. Hartmann, "Random Access Processing of Optical Memory Using Photon Echo Interference Effects", Opt. Lett. 18, 21 (1993)
  38. F. Moshary, M. Arend, and S. R. Hartmann, "Femtosecond Phase Relaxation Measurements in CdSSe Semiconductor Microcrystallites Doped in Glass," in Quantum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, 1993 OSA Technical Digest Series, Vol. 12 (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC, 1993), pp. 176-177
  39. F. Moshary, M. Arend, S. R. Hartmann, and R. Friedberg, "Ultrafast Relaxation and Modulation in Nile Blue", Phys Rev. A 46, R33 (1992)




  1. 7423254 High responsivity high bandwidth metal-semiconductor-metal optoelectronic device


Sponsored Funding.

  1. NSF-MRI Instrument for Enabling Data Sharing, Storage and Preservation, $1.3M
    Role: Co-PI (PI Michael Kress, College of Staten Island) 2011-2013
  2. Experimental Studies of Spectral hole burning in Erbium Doped Fiber Amplifiers, PSC-CUNY, $5k July 1, 2003 to Dec. 2004, PI Mark Arend
  3. High speed and high frequency electronic and optical characterization of novel surface plasmon based MSM photo detectors, CUNY Collaborative Equipment Grant, $63k for one year from Feb. 13, 2004, PI Mark Arend
  4. Design and characterization of flat-gain combined Raman and parametric amplifiers, DARPA and NSF Photonics Technology Access Program, $13,000, PI Mark Arend
  5. Materials and Devices Research and Educational Infrastructure Enhancement, DOD Instrumentation Grant, $197,134 for 1 year, PI David Crouse, Co-OI Mark Arend